TOBA: Thoroughbred Owners and Breeders Association
Owner Education

Common Medications and Injections

Listed below are some common medications and injections you may find on your veterinary bill and their approximate cost. The costs are estimates and actual costs will vary greatly from track to track.

Adequan: a common anti-arthritic medication used to stabilize articular cartilage. It is also used prophylactically to prevent day-to-day loss of cartilage components. Cost: $65 per injection.

Anabolic steroids: an anabolic steroid such as Equipoise is used to improve appetite, repair tissue, promote weight gain and accelerate recovery from disease or injury. Anabolic steroids may cause aggressive behavior in mares or geldings and have adverse effects on the reproductive function of mares and stallions. Cost: $50-$60 per injection.

Banamine (flunixin meglumine): Like aspirin and bute, a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug that is available in injectable and tablet form. It is commonly used to treat colic. Cost: $20 per injection.

Clenbuterol: A bronchodilator used to treat respiratory disease. Its trade name is Ventipulmin. It works by relaxing smooth muscle tissue in the airways, returning constricted air passages to normal size.

Cortisone: a common corticosteroid used to treat joint inflammation. It is injected into the joint and has shown effectiveness and safety in some joint disorders. However, research has shown that using corticosteroids in equine joints sets in motion a destructive cycle. Prolonged use of corticosteriods is considered one of the primary causes of degenerative joint disease or osteoarthritis. Cost: $50-$150 per injection.

De-worming: given at least four times per year. If an oral paste is used, trainers may administer it themselves. Cost: $25-$30 per treatment if administered by a vet.

Flu and Rhinopneumonitis vaccinations: given up to six times per year. Cost: $25-$35 per vaccination.

Furosemide (trade name Lasix): a diuretic used for the prophylactic treatment of exercise-induced pulmonary hemorrhage (EIPH or bleeding), which is believed to work by lowering pulmonary-arterial pressure. Cost: $30-$40 per injection for racing.

Gastrogard (omeprazole): an oral paste used to treat equine ulcers. Cost: up to $50 per day.

Gentamycin: a broad-spectrum antibiotic. Cost: $30-$50 per injection.

Hyalronic Acid: also known as hyalronate or hyalronan, is the natural lubricant in the joints. It is injected into the joint, sometimes with cortisone, to reduce inflammation. Cost: $50-$150 per injection.

Penicillin: an antibiotic. Cost: $15-$20 per injection.

Phenylbutazone (bute): a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug that is available in injectable and tablet form. Cost: $17 per injection or $30 for 100 1-gram pills.

Premarin: an old-style remedy for bleeding which is thought to work by strengthening capillaries. Cost: $70 per injection.

Tetanus vaccination: given annually. Cost: $15-$20.

Vitamin "jug": usually a mixture of vitamins and electrolytes in ½ to 1 liter of fluids administered after strenuous exercise. Cost: $30-$40.

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